Professor Gilly Salmon’s 5 stage model is a perfect place to start when you want to support your adult learners with a structured and fulfilling online learning journey. According to Professor Salmon, the five-stage model provides a framework or scaffold for a structured and paced programme of e-learning activities. The model offers specified support factors which are crucial in the development and learning of adult learners. These are the five stages of the model and how educational institutions can use them to stimulate learners to stay motivated.
Gilly Salmon’s 5 stage model
Stage 1: Access and motivation
Most adult learners may need encouragement and individualised technical assistance to overcome the barriers and fears of online learning. Access and motivation mean as a course creator or educational institution can identify learners’ technical abilities and obstacles in advance, i.e. during the application and registration process. After that, find ways to bridge any shortfalls and ensure the learner is supported at all stages so they can focus and have a successful learning experience.
Stage 2: Online socialisation
Stage 3: Information exchange
Juggling a career and a personal life can be a lot, so as a course creator, you can design initiatives that assist learners in organising and managing their knowledge and information better. You can share tips and tricks, conduct workshops or provide opportunities to become more confident, develop skills and exchange information.
Stage 4: Knowledge construction
Stage 5: Development
The biggest win that learners get is from applying knowledge and skills gained to solve their real-time problems. Learning and development are most effective when situated in a real-life context. You can also encourage tasks such as journaling, reflecting on learning experiences or planning the ways learners can use the experience for future problem-solving. This can help learners formulate better solutions to real-life problems and invigorate their enthusiasm about the newly acquired skills or knowledge.
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Motivate busy adult learners – ARCS model